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About Christopher Sagers

Christopher Sagers is a Professor at Cleveland-Marshall College of Law. He has taught courses in Antitrust, Business Organizations, Law & Economics and Administrative Law. His scholarship focuses on antitrust and business regulation. Before joining the faculty, Professor Sagers practiced law for four years in Washington, D.C., first at Arnold & Porter and then at Shea & Gardner.
American Antitrust Institute Calls for Nominees for Inaugural Awards

Attention antitrusters!  I’m pleased to pass along news of interest to all lawyers and economists active in antitrust litigation:  The American Antitrust Institute has instituted a new award program to recognize those each year who have made the most significant contributions in antitrust enforcement. 

While I don’t speak for the group, I expect the goal is to recognize and encourage private plaintiff or other enforcement actions that make the most significant doctrinal or theoretical contributions to an effective competition law.

Details for nominations and self-nomination appear below; my thanks to Wolters Kluwer and AntitrustConnect for allowing me to publicize this award.

Call for En [...]

Just What on Earth Did Actavis Really Say? And Does It Mean Something for Section 1 More Broadly?

It’s going to be a strict, nearly-per-se quick look rule, folks, in more or less every reverse-payment case likely to be brought from here on out.  Dollars-to-donuts.

A few weeks have gone by, and quite a lot of folks are chewing over the entrails of Federal Trade Commission v. Actavis, Inc. The case may finally have ended the decades-long saga of the so-called “reverse payment” or “pay-for-delay” settlements, in which a branded incumbent drug maker pays a would-be generic entrant to stay out of its market and respect its patent.  Unlike most lower courts to consider them, the five-Justice Actavis majority found these deals subject to Sherman Act challenge, under a standard that [...]

Phoebe Putney: A Quick Post-Mortem, and Some Thoughts on the Next Justice Stevens

I often feel a certain deflation after the Supreme Court decides an antitrust case.  After watching a case for months, prognosticating about it with other antitrusters, reading umpteen blog posts, reading the briefs if you’re into it and even some amici briefs if you’re really into it, the Court then rules one way or the other, and usually tailors its opinion pretty narrowly, breaking no meaningfully new ground.  I suppose many will have that feeling about Tuesday’s decision in Federal Trade Commission v. Phoebe Putney Mem. Hosp. Sys., and some are already saying that Justice Sotomayor’s brief opinion for a unanimous Court is just a narrow application of garden variety state action [...]

Is There a Reason to Think the Court Will Reign In the Filed-Rate Abomination? Oh Please, Oh Please, Oh Please!

Keep an eye out for the Court’s decision on certiorari in McCray v. Fidelity Nat’l Ins. Co., 682 F.3d 229 (3rd Cir. 2012).  I have my fingers crossed that it may be the case in which the Court finally does the right thing with the accursed “filed rate doctrine.”  I filed a brief in support of certiorari in the case on behalf of myself, eighteen leading antitrust scholars, and the American Antitrust Institute.

Pretty much everybody who is not a regulated industry is in agreement about the FRD, an old rule now commonly associated with Louis Brandeis’s famous opinion in Keogh v. Chicago & Nw. Ry. Co., 260 U.S. 156 (1922).  Specifically, they all pretty much agree that the FRD is ba [...]

Federal Trade Commission Approves Universal-EMI

On Friday morning the FTC announced that it had closed its investigation of Universal Music Group’s acquisition of EMI’s recorded music division.  The Commission will not seek any concessions or take other action.  Elsewhere I’ve written and said that I think the merger is probably awfully anticompetitive and that it should be blocked completely.

A few thoughts.

From any older-fashioned structuralist, Philadelphia-National-Bank sort of perspective, the merger looks pretty illegal.  It is in effect a world-wide 4-to-3.  In U.S. markets the existing concentration and the increase in concentration are well in the range of likely anticompetitive effect under the traditional Merger Gu [...]

Rabbinical Cartel Ought to Face Antitrust Scrutiny

During this past couple of years, my friend and colleague Barak Richman of the Duke law school has made a small cottage industry of pissing off organized Judaism.  Himself newly the president of a synagogue in North Carolina, he turned his frustrating experience in hiring a new rabbi into a study of the antitrust treatment of collusive or exclusionary practices that happen to involve religious officials.  His much discussed paper on the topic is forthcoming in the Pepperdine Law Review, and it has lately gotten some pretty high-profile attention

Well, the rabbis have noticed.  Personally, I think they ought to face antitrust scrutiny.  Based on their protestations so far, I think they [...]

Seventh Circuit Sitting En Banc Reverses in Potash, Announces Second Most Important of All FTAIA Opinions, Shores Up the Text Messaging Position on Conspiracy Pleading

Well, okay, I guess there might just possibly have been an appellate decision this week of even more pressing moment, but I believe something important and very positive happened in the Seventh Circuit yesterday: the en banc reversal in Minn-Chem, Inc. v. Agrium, Inc., No. 10-1712 (7th Cir. June 27, 2012) (en banc) (“Potash II”). The court ruled that plaintiffs had pled a foreign price-fixing conspiracy that it is subject to U.S. antitrust under the Foreign Trade Antitrust Improvements Act. I suppose Potash II is itself a case primarily about FTAIA, and it is now second in importance within the FTAIA caselaw only to the Supreme Court’s Empagran ruling. But as I’ve suggested before, I [...]

BREAKING NEWS: Court Grants Cert in Phoebe Putney; What Will Happen in North Carolina Dentists?

This morning the Court granted certiorari in Federal Trade Commission v. Phoebe Putney Health, No. 11-1160, on appeal from an execrable pair of opinions in the Eleventh Circuit and the Middle District of Georgia.

At issue is a local hospital merger that would give the acquiror 100% in its county and upwards of 90% in a larger multi-county area of rural southern Georgia. The Commission’s otherwise slam-dunk 13(b) action was stymied, however, because the merger received an extremely cursory, purely formal and after-the-fact rubber-stamp from a largely inactive county hospital commission created under a 1941 Georgia statute. Primarily at issue was whether the state of Georgia had “clearly [...]

Highlights of the 2012 ABA Antitrust Spring Meeting

Ah, the Spring Meeting.  God I love it.

Admittedly, the ABA Antitrust Section Spring Meeting, perhaps the profession’s preeminent event, is in some respects getting to be just a bit of a circus.  What were once a handful of calm, early evening cocktail receptions in the bowels of the Marriott have grown into a deafening barrage of extravagant drink-fests, which have spilled over into the many posh surrounding hotels and restaurants, including the Willard and that exclusive, trendy new home of $20 hamburgers, Central Michel Richard.  One venue on Thursday afternoon featured, in addition to the inability to hear, mini-sombrero party-favors and a mariachi band.  And as proof how much the [...]

BREAKING NEWS: Rand Paul Proposes to Repeal Federal Antitrust as to “Individuals”

Senator Rand Paul of Kentucky, the freshman Republican and Tea Party favorite, is only slightly more famous as the son of Representative Ron Paul than as the deliberate namesake of Ayn Rand.  Last Thursday he introduced a genuine humdinger.

Deploying that prowess for economic and legal analysis that may characterize many ophthalmologists, Senator Paul seems to believe the bill does no more than limit FTC jurisdiction (consider his comments to that effect to The Hill).

But that is quite wrong.  His so-named “Anti-Trust Freedom Act of 2012” would entirely repeal federal antitrust as to any conduct by “individuals.”  It provides in its entirety as follows:

The Sherman Act (15 U.S.C. [...]

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